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Map of Indonesia


Indonesia contains 17,508 islands, of which around 6,000 are populated. The total land area is just over 1.9 million km2. Its geographical location off mainland Southeast Asia places the country as particularly susceptible to natural disasters, including climate change. Indonesia is the fourth most populated country in the world with over 270 million inhabitants. Over 140 million people live on Java, making it the most populous island in the world. It is also the world’s largest Muslim country, making up 87% of the population.
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Indonesian government lagging independent effort to recognize Indigenous lands

5 May 2022

A total of 17.6 million hectares (43.5 million acres) of Indigenous territories in Indonesia, an area half the size of Germany, have been demarcated under an independent initiative that began in 2010. The mapping is seen as the first step for Indigenous communities in the long and complicated…

Mine pits expose the holes in Indonesia’s plan to relocate its capital

20 April 2022

Critics of the Indonesian government’s plan to build a new capital city in the coal-mining heartland of East Kalimantan province have long warned about the abandoned mining pits dotting the landscape. The government has now acknowledged that these will be a problem: it says it has identified 2,415…

FSC-certified Moorim Paper linked to massive forest clearing in Indonesia’s Papua

28 March 2022

A subsidiary of South Korean paper company Moorim has cleared natural forests a tenth the size of Seoul in Indonesia’s Papua region over the past six years, a new report alleges. The report, published by various NGOs, alleges that the cleared areas consisted of primary forests serving as a habitat…



Customary tenure regimes are highly diverse across Indonesia, and include individualised and communal parcels, different means of transfer, and variation in local inheritance practices.

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Indonesia rice plantation

Homecoming without the prom: How Indonesia’s Indigenous youth are returning to bolster their communities

2 September 2021

It’s not unusual for children to leave home when they become adults: it is rarer, though, that they come back to invigorate the communities they grew up in with new ideas and services. That, however, is exactly what is happening in indigenous territories throughout Indonesia. It is called …

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World Bank Climate Report Launch Webinar: Strengthening Land Tenure of Indigenous People and Local Communities in FCPF Countries

-This Event has ended -   Tuesday, November 23rd, 2021 8:30 AM – 10:00 AM (Eastern Time) Online via Zoom This session will be interpreted in French and Spanish. Description: Strengthening Indigenous Land Tenure: A Critical Pillar of Climate Action   A prominent outcome of this year’s UN Climate…