Skip to main content

Naturally regenerated forest of native species (1'000 ha), where there are no clearly visible indications of human activities and the ecological processes are not significantly disturbed. Some key characteristics of primary forests are: they show natural forest dynamics, such as natural tree species composition, occurrence of dead wood, natural age structure and natural regeneration processes; the area is large enough to maintain its natural characteristics; there has been no known significant human intervention or the last significant human intervention was long enough ago to have allowed the natural species composition and processes to have become re-established.